• Radvanyi, Laszlo

    Johann Lorenz Schmidt (1900 – 1978), Hungarian emigrant, economist
  • Rahimi, Atiq

    Born in 1962 in Kabul/Afghanistan, writer, documentary filmmaker and director, fled during the Soviet-Afghan war to France in 1984.
  • Reichner, Herbert

    1899-1971, Austrian publisher whose Vienna publishing house, which was founded in the 1920s, offered German-speaking authors in exile like Stefan Zweig, Elias Canetti and Hermann Broch a publishing base. Reichner emigrated to New York in 1939.
  • Reichskulturkammer [Reich Chamber of Culture]

    A professional organization for all those employed in the cultural sector as of September 1933. Membership was compulsory to be able to continue working in an artistic profession. Jewish artists and those who were politically unpopular were not admitted.
  • Reichsverband deutscher Schriftsteller

    was an obligatory association for writers set up on 9 June, 1933. Previously existing other authors’ associations were subsumed by it. The German character of literature was to be reinforced by excluding politically or artistically undesired authors.
  • Reichsvertretung Deutscher Juden

    Set up in 1933, represented Jews in Germany until 1943 in dealings with the Nazi authorities. After the Nuremberg Laws were passed in 1935 it was renamed as the Reich Representation of Jews in Germany.
  • Reismann, János

    1905 – 1976, Hungarian photographer who worked until 1932 in Berlin for the left-wing press, among others for the AIZ; emigrated to the Soviet Union and France
  • Riedveld, Gerrit

    1888 – 1964, Dutch architect and designer, became known through his involvement in the De Stijl group of artists.
  • Rilke, Rainer Maria

    1871-1945, important German-language poet, author of The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge (orig.: Die Aufzeichnungen des Malte Laurids Brigge, 1910), The Book of Hours (orig.: Das Stunden-Buch, 1905) and Duino Elegies (orig.: Duineser Elegien, 1923), one of the main representatives of Art Nouveau in literature
  • Riviera, Diego

    1886-1957, Mexican painter, drew on Mexican folk traditions, created large murals (frescoes) 
  • Riwkin-Brick, Anna

    (1908-1970), Swedish photographer, specialising in dance photography.
  • Roda Becher, Martin

    Born in 1944, Swiss author, screenwriter and literary critic, son of writer Ulrich Becher.
  • Roda Roda, Alexander

    1872-1945, born Sándor Friedrich Rosenfeld, Austrian author, war correspondent, actor and satirist; exiled in Switzerland and from 1940 in the USA.
  • Röhrig, Kurt

    1912–2007, German photographer. 1944 Training at the Frankfurt-based photography agency Dr. Paul Wolff & Tritschler. Röhrig photographed a Frankfurt destroyed by war and created sources for the documentation of important historical monuments. 1953 Founding of his own company, “roebild
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor

    1884-1962, American diplomat and human rights activist, 1933-1945 First Lady of the United States as the wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D.

    1882-1945; served from 1933 until his death as the 32nd President of the USA and made every political effort he could to help those persecuted by the Nazi regime.
  • Rothmund, Heinrich

    1888-1961, 1919-1955 chief of the Federal Aliens Police, played a significant part in developing and implementing Switzerland’s controversial asylum policy during World War II.
  • von Rebay, Hilla

    German abstract painter and collector of non-objective art, 1890–1967, built up the Solomon R. Guggenheim art collection and in 1937 helped Guggenheim establish the Guggenheim Foundation based in New York.