• Paepcke, Walter Paul

    1896 – 1960, President of the Container Corporation of America, gave his financial support to the School of Design in Chicago, was a sponsor of László Moholy-Nagy and founder of the Aspen Institute.
  • Partido Obrero de Unificación Marxista (POUM)

    Political party founded in 1935 with a regional focus on Catalonia, fought in the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939 against the military putschists surrounding Francisco Franco, banned in 1937 with residual political groups in French exile.
  • Patria

    (Latin: Fatherland), name of a refugee ship
  • Penck, A. R.

    1939 born in Dresden, real name Ralf Winkler (pseudonymous names: Mike Hammer, T. M., Mickey Spilane, a. Y. or only Y), german painter, graphic designer and sculptor
  • Pétain, Philippe

    1856-1951, French military commander and politician. Pétain advanced  as Commander-in-Chief of the French army in World War One to become the “Hero of Verdun” and acted as head of state of the Vichy Regime from 1940 to 1944.
  • Placement Committee for German and Austrian Musicians

    Founded in New York in 1938 by the US composer Mark Brunswick (1902-1971), who had lived in Vienna from 1924 to 1938. This aid organisation helped with the emigration formalities for the USA and supported musicians after their arrival with funding and assistance in finding employment.
  • Poelzig, Hans

    (1869-1936) was German architect and an important representative of Expressionism in architecture.

  • Polder

    an area which lies lower than the surrounding water, for example reclaimed land
  • Politburo of the Central Committee of the SED

    Committee of approx. 15-20 high SED party functionaries; carried out important daily work in everyday politics and only passed on its decisions to the formal state executive organ, the Council of Ministers, for execution
  • Porset, Clara

    1900-1981, Cuban interior designer, living in Mexico City
  • Poulenc, Francis Jean Marcel

    (1899-1963), French pianist and composer.
  • Preses, Peter

    1907-1961, Austrian actor and director, lived in exile in Britain from 1938, performed there in the cabaret Laterndl. Lived in exile in the U.S. from 1943, where he co-wrote the screenplay Der Bockerer with Ulrich Becher. Returned to Germany in 1946.
  • Pringsheim, Peter

    (1881-1963), physicist, brother of Katia Mann, exiled in Belgium, deported from there to an internment camp in France, 1940 flight to the US.
  • van Praag, Siegfried

    (1899-2002), Dutch writer