115 Search results

  • Foto: Bauhaus


    The Bauhaus was founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius as a school of design in Weimar with the aim of unifying art and handcrafts. The training course consisted of theoretical and practical instruction in the furniture-making, weaving, metal, wall painting, typography, ceramics, stage and sculpture workshops.
  • The black and white picture shows an elongated two-storey building.

    Black Mountain College

    The Black Mountain College aimed to guide young people in finding their own individual path to the arts. Potential was discovered and promoted through joint working and experimentation. Students and teachers organised both the lessons and their everyday existence independently and democratically.
  • Georg Salter: Dust jacket

    Book design

    A varied culture of book design evolved in Germany in the first third of the 20th century. Font designers, book cover designers and illustrators with different styles and from different design schools took a lively artistic approach towards the overall presentation of a book, typography and cover design.
  • Fotografie: Hans Günter Flieg, São Paulo


    Immediately after the Nazis seized power in 1933, only few refugees from Germany considered Brazil as a country to flee to. It wasn’t until the persecution of Jews and opponents of the Nazis became increasingly severe, after the November pogrom of 1938 and after other countries began to severely restrict their immigration policies, that more and more refugees headed for Brazil.
  • Advertisement and programme: “Die Laterne”, Paris


    The nature of cabaret lies, in part, in its criticism of political and social conditions. When the Nazis seized power in 1933 this art form faced profound danger. As early as 28 February 1933, the day after the Reichstag fire, the constitution was changed: freedom of opinion and right of assembly were restricted.
  • Photograph: Café Tournon

    Café Le Tournon

    Popular meeting place in the 6th Arrondissement
    Like the coffee houses and salons in Vienna and other cities, the cafés of Paris were attractive meeting places that played an important role for intellectuals and writers. For those living in exile, they often doubled as a study or reading room.
  • Camouflage publications, Letters of Classicists, 1937

    Camouflage publications

    In order to protect their readers and distributors against reprisals, many texts that served the resistance were printed in neighbouring countries and circulated in Germany in a camouflaged form.
  • Fotografie: Straßenszene in Casablanca, 1941


    After the occupation of France in 1940 and the division of the country into an occupied and a free zone, the travel route of many refugees who wanted to go overseas shifted by necessity to the African continent. With the French ports on the Atlantic under German control and restrictive transit regimes in Spain and Portugal, people wishing to leave Europe frequently had no choice but to depart via the last free port in Marseille.
  • Black and white photograph in landscape format. The painter Oscar Zügel sitting on a horse with a white blaze.

    Changing occupation and work in exile

    From artist to ...
    Few exiles had the international prominence or the financial wherewithal - e.g.
  • Photograph: a group of refugee children

    Children and adolescents in exile

    According to UNHCR statistics, 35 million of the approximately 82 million people worldwide who left their countries of origin in 2020 were children and adolescents aged under 18. The numbers who left their countries during the Nazi era can only be estimated.