Paul AbrahamBorn on 2 November 1892Died on 6 May 1960Conductor, Composer
The Hungarian composer Paul Abraham had an enthusiastic following in Berlin from September 1930. His breakthrough came with the operetta Viktoria und ihr Husar (Victoria and her Hussar) at the Metropol Theater, known today as the Komische Oper.
Erna AdlerBorn on 25 March 1913Died on 7 March 2007Photographer
Erna Adler was just 23 years and an assistant in the photography studio of Trude Geiringer and Dora Horovitz in Vienna when she went into exile. In late 1936 the young photographer had initially planned only a work stay in Antwerp.
Josef AlbersBorn on 19 March 1888Died on 25 March 1976Painter, Graphic designer
Josef and Anni Albers lost their jobs when the Bauhaus was closed in the summer of 1933. Alarmed by the anti-Semitism, the couple never hesitated in following the call to the United States.
Erich ArendtBorn on 15 April 1903Died on 25 September 1984Writer
Erich Arendt began as a teacher at a reform school in the Berlin district of Neukölln, now the Rütli school. In 1926 his first poems appeared in Der Sturm, the Expressionist journal headed by Herwart Walden.
Ellen AuerbachBorn on 20 May 1906Died on 30 July 2004Photographer
Ellen Auerbach first of all studied sculpting in Karlsruhe and Stuttgart from 1924 until she went to Berlin in 1929 to learn photography under Walter Peterhans. It was there that she met the photographer Grete Stern with whom she worked and lived together from then on.
Theo BaldenBorn 6 February 1904Died 30 September 1995Sculptor, Graphic designer
The sculptor Theo Balden was born Otto Koehler in Brazil, the child of an expatriate couple. His father's death prompted his mother to return to Germany with her children.
Albert BassermannBorn on 7 September 1867Died on 15 May 1952Actor
Albert Bassermann began his career at the age of 20 in his home city of Mannheim. For a number of years he formed part of the renowned Meininger Hoftheater ensemble. In 1895 he moved to Berlin, where he performed first under Otto Brahm, and from 1909 under Max Reinhardt at the Deutsches Theater.
Herbert BayerBorn on April 5, 1900Died on September 30 1985Painter
It was in 1938 that Herbert Bayer took the decision to leave Germany. The Austrian had arrived in the country in 1920 to work alongside Emanuel Margold at the Mathildenhöhe artist’s colony in Darmstadt. From there he journeyed to Weimar and studied at the Bauhaus, before moving on to Dessau.
Johannes R. BecherBorn on 22 May 1891Died on 11 October 1958Poet, Dramatist, Writer
The sonnet Windflüchter by the poet Johannes R. Becher not only describes the storm-battered trees on the coast of the Baltic Sea, it also reveals something of the life of the poet and emigrant in a turbulent story.
Ulrich BecherBorn 2 January 1910Died 15 April 1990Writer
*** Please also visit the special exhibition Ulrich Becher *** When the Nazis took power in Germany in the spring of 1933, Ulrich Becher was at the beginning of a promising career as a writer. He was just 23 years young when – according to his own recollections – his first published work, the well-received collection of novellas Männer machen Fehler (Men Make Mistakes), published in 1932 by Rowohlt, fell victim to the Nazi book burnings of 10 May 1933.