• Abstraction-Création

    was a cosmopolitan group of Modernist artists founded in Paris in 1931 which existed until 1937.
  • Abusch, Alexander

    1902-1982, German journalist and publicist, emigrated to France after the Nazis came to power, continued later to Mexico; remigration to the GDR in 1946 where he became a culture functionary
  • Academic Assistance Council

    Aid organisation in England that offered assistance to scientists and academics in particular
  • Ackermann, Max

    (1887-1975), painter and graphic artist, 1936 ban on his Seminar on Absolute Painting at the Volkshochschule Stuttgart by the Nazis
  • Adorno, Theodor W.

    1903-1969, important German philosopher and sociologist, was co-founder together with Max Horkheimer (1895-1973) of the so-called Frankfurt School or Critical Theory; was Director for many years at the Frankfurt Institute of Social Research; was also a scholar of music theory and a composer
  • Affidavit of sponsorship

    also known as a moral affidavit; a kind of character reference required back then to apply for a visa to enter the USA.
  • Affidavit of Support

    Financial guarantee needed to apply for a visa in the United States.
  • Aga Khan III.

    All his life the third Aga Khan (1877-1957) was the spiritual leader of the Nizārī, a part of the Islamic Ismaili community.
  • Agitation

    Describes the act of influencing others politically and/or refers to political educational work and promotion in the form of speeches and publications in favour of political or social goals in order to move a large number of people to joint reaction.
  • Agnon, Samuel Joseph

    1888-1970, born in Galicia, he wrote in Hebraic. As a Zionist, he lived from 1908 onwards in Palestine.