• Radvanyi, Laszlo

    Johann Lorenz Schmidt (1900 – 1978), Hungarian emigrant, economist
  • Reichner, Herbert

    1899-1971, Austrian publisher whose Vienna publishing house, which was founded in the 1920s, offered German-speaking authors in exile like Stefan Zweig, Elias Canetti and Hermann Broch a publishing base. Reichner emigrated to New York in 1939.
  • Reichskulturkammer [Reich Chamber of Culture]

    A professional organization for all those employed in the cultural sector as of September 1933. Membership was compulsory to be able to continue working in an artistic profession. Jewish artists and those who were politically unpopular were not admitted.
  • Reichsverband deutscher Schriftsteller

    was an obligatory association for writers set up on 9 June, 1933. Previously existing other authors’ associations were subsumed by it. The German character of literature was to be reinforced by excluding politically or artistically undesired authors.
  • Reichsvertretung Deutscher Juden

    Set up in 1933, represented Jews in Germany until 1943 in dealings with the Nazi authorities. After the Nuremberg Laws were passed in 1935 it was renamed as the Reich Representation of Jews in Germany.
  • Reismann, János

    1905 – 1976, Hungarian photographer who worked until 1932 in Berlin for the left-wing press, among others for the AIZ; emigrated to the Soviet Union and France
  • Riedveld, Gerrit

    1888 – 1964, Dutch architect and designer, became known through his involvement in the De Stijl group of artists.
  • Rilke, Rainer Maria

    1871-1945, important German-language poet, author of The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge (orig.: Die Aufzeichnungen des Malte Laurids Brigge, 1910), The Book of Hours (orig.: Das Stunden-Buch, 1905) and Duino Elegies (orig.: Duineser Elegien, 1923), one of the main representatives of Art Nouveau in literature
  • Riviera, Diego

    1886-1957, Mexican painter, drew on Mexican folk traditions, created large murals (frescoes) 
  • Roosevelt, Eleanor

    1884-1962, American diplomat and human rights activist, 1933-1945 First Lady of the United States as the wife of Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D.

    1882-1945; served from 1933 until his death as the 32nd President of the USA and made every political effort he could to help those persecuted by the Nazi regime.