Akbar BehkalamBorn on 16. September 1944Painter
Akbar Behkalam achieved his school qualifications at an art school in the Iranian town of Tabriz and also completed his degree in art there from 1961 to 1964. After doing his military service in the Iranian part of Kurdistan, he studied art at the Institute of Fine Arts in Istanbul between 1967 and 1972.
Elisabeth BergnerBorn on 22 August 1897Died on 12 May 1986Actress
Elisabeth Bergner's success on the stage began with Max Reinhardt’s production of As You Like It on 25 April 1923: “Bergner! Bergner! cheered the gallery. And those of us who were there bowed our heads and blessed her and wished her all the best.
Richard Arnold BermannBorn on 27 April 1883Died on 5 September 1939Journalist, Writer
Viennese writer and journalist Richard A. Bermann came to fame under the pseudonym Arnold Höllriegel. One of the leading journalists in the German-speaking world, he published articles in the Theater-Courier, Die Woche, the Berliner Tageblatt, the Vossische Zeitung and, particularly after 1918, Der Friede and Der Neue Tag.
Wolf BiermannBorn 15 November 1936Musician, Writer
Wolf Biermann already moved to the GDR of his own volition as a young man and, in the early 1960s began to write songs and poems which also dealt critically with the political and social situation in socialist East Germany. For this reason, the artist found himself increasingly subjected to restrictions by the authorities.
David Ludwig BlochBorn on 25 March 1910Died on 16 September 2002Painter, Graphic designer
As a deaf painter, Bloch had an exceptionally keen eye. He made the new world, which he experienced as an emigrant in Shanghai his own by unlocking its imagery.
Rainer BonarBorn on 29 February 1956Died on 27 November 1996Painter, Graphic designer
Rainer Bonar (real name Rainer Lietzke) often caused offence, deliberately. He was arrested for the first time by the GDR authorities in 1973, when he painted his triptych Schießbefehl.
Bertolt BrechtBorn on 10 February 1898Died on 14 August 1956Writer, Screenwriter, Theater director
Was Bertolt Brecht an emigrant? He didn’t see himself as such. Brecht constantly fought against the use of the term, which implies a freedom of choice that expellees were not given.
Paul CelanBorn on 23 November 1920Died on 20 April 1970Writer
Paul Celan grew up in a German-speaking, Jewish family in Czernowitz in Romania. His childhood in the Bukovina region was shaped by a multicultural, multi-ethnic state. The later nom de plume Celan is a Romanianised anagram of his actual surname Antschel.
Paul DessauBorn on 19 December 1894Died on 28 June 1979Composer, Conductor
Paul Dessau had lived in Berlin since the end of the 1920s. Initially he worked as a conductor at the Städtische Oper Berlin under the direction of general musical director Bruno Walter.
Marlene DietrichBorn on 27 December 1901Died on 6 May 1992Actress, Singer
Marlene Dietrich was never a political artist, nor did she flee the Nazis to the American continent. And yet she was consistent in her opposition to Hitler’s Germany and her support for the United States.