was a cosmopolitan group of Modernist artists founded in Paris in 1931 which existed until 1937.
1902-1982, German journalist and publicist, emigrated to France after the Nazis came to power, continued later to Mexico; remigration to the GDR in 1946 where he became a culture functionary
Academic Assistance Council
Aid organisation in England that offered assistance to scientists and academics in particular
Adorno, Theodor W.
1903-1969, important German philosopher and sociologist, was co-founder together with Max Horkheimer (1895-1973) of the so-called Frankfurt School or Critical Theory; was Director for many years at the Frankfurt Institute of Social Research; was also a scholar of music theory and a composer
Affidavit of sponsorship
also known as a moral affidavit; a kind of character reference required back then to apply for a visa to enter the USA.
Affidavit of Support
Financial guarantee needed to apply for a visa in the United States.
Aga Khan III.
All his life the third Aga Khan (1877-1957) was the spiritual leader of the Nizārī, a part of the Islamic Ismaili community.
Describes the act of influencing others politically and/or refers to political educational work and promotion in the form of speeches and publications in favour of political or social goals in order to move a large number of people to joint reaction.
Agnon, Samuel Joseph
1888-1970, born in Galicia, he wrote in Hebraic. As a Zionist, he lived from 1908 onwards in Palestine.
born 1921, Austrian writer who lived with her mother in Vienna during Nazi rule. A “half-Jew”, as long as she was a minor, her mother was able to protect her from deportation. When she came of age, she was then kept hidden by her mother in their one-room apartment until the end of the war.